Historical Towns and Villages

Historical Towns and Villages 25 aniversario de la declaracion de Caceres como Ciudad Patrimonio de la Humanidad por la UNESCO

Historical Towns and Villages

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Historical Towns and Villages

Panoramic view of Caceres
Panoramic view of Caceres

Cáceres "Spectacular mediaeval fortress"

Caceres’s old town boast one of the most impressive artistic and monumental collection of buildings, and one of the best preserved of Europe, declared World Heritage in 1986. In the 16th century it had been shaped the majestic look of the historic city centre. Walking around this old city we find medieval walls, palaces, churches, squares and streets, which are all in the best conditions. Cáceres also shows spectacular defensive towers of the middle ages.

Mérida "Splendid Roman city"

Merida now the seat of the Government of Extremadura, it was founded by the Romans in the year 25 BC, and called it Emerita Augusta. It was capital of the province of Lusitanian and residence for military.

The Roman archaeological ensemble of Mérida was declared world heritage site by UNESCO in 1993. The main monuments are the theatre, the amphitheatre and the circus. Also The Roman temple of Diana, the bridge over the Guadiana River, the aqueduct of the miracles and the Arch of Trajan stand out. The National Museum of Roman art, designed by the prestigious architect Rafael Moneo, exposes numerous objects from the Roman archaeological site of the city.

Trujillo "Spain's Tuscany"

It has left an important mark on history: since in the 16th century it was the cradle of illustrious characters linked to the discovery of America, Francisco Pizarro y Francisco de Orellana.

The city offers visitors a stunning old town. Its monuments include the Plaza Mayor, the Castle (old Arab Fortress), its walled old town and the churches of Santa María, San Francisco and San Martin. It also has many beautiful palaces, such that of the marquises of La Conquista, the Duke of San Carlos or the marquis of Piedras Albas.

Monastry of Yuste "The warrior’s repose"

It is located in the area of La Vera, 2 Km from Cuacos de Yuste. Its artistic importance is combined with its historical fame for being the chosen place of Emperor Carlos V, to spend his last years in retirement, after passing the crown to his son in 1557. The Monastery is still maintained today, as is the palace built there for the Emperor, with furniture pieces and artistic objects of the monarchy.

The convent It has a notable Gothic church, with an altarpiece by Juan de Herrera and a carved Gothic choir stalls.

Monastery of Guadalupe "The secret of Heaven"

Guadalupe is a historic village, with cobbled streets and traditional homes, filled with valuable monuments, like the Sanctuary-Monastery of Our Lady of Guadalupe, declared World Heritage in 1993. Inside there are two outstanding cloisters, one Gothic and one Mudejar and a pavilion that exhibits the transition from Gothic to Mudejar. The sacristy has paintings by Francisco de Zurbarán. The Virgin’s side-chapel, built by Lucas Jordán, holds the image of Our Lady of Guadalupe, patron saint of Extremadura

Since its foundation, the Monastery became one of the main pilgrimage centers in the Peninsula. It was also the stage of significant events, like the audience that the Catholic Monarchs granted Christopher Columbus to give him the caravels that would take him on his journey to the New World.

Zafra "The charm of Spain"

Zafra enjoys a strategic location in the south of the region, linking the communications hubs of Badajoz and Mérida with the Andalusian capitals of Seville, Huelva and Cordoba. The main commercial activity is dedicated to agriculture and livestock.

Zafra has been a historical site of national interest in Spain since 1965. Among its monuments include the Big Plaza and Small Plaza, born for the promotion of trade, and the Palace of the Dukes of Feria, of the 15th century, which has now been converted into a beautiful hotel Parador. In religious art, the jewel of Zafra is the Church of Candelaria, of Gothic style and with a magnificent altarpiece. On its walls hang paintings by Zurbarán.

Olivenza. City Hall gate
Olivenza. City Hall gate

Olivenza "An alliance of Cultures"

Nationally declared a historic- artistic village in 1964, the town’s history is marked by the alternating rule of Spain and Portugal and is now best described as a Spanish place with Portuguese traditions. The Treaty of Badajoz of 1801, declared Olivenza as Spanish territory, using the River Guadiana as a natural border to separate it from Portugal.

The town has managed to preserve its interesting cultural and historical past. All the monuments and artistic treasures of its Portuguese past have been carefully recovered and restored by the municipality.

Badajoz "Border development model city"

On the Border with Portugal, its old town has an attractive monumental heritage, Including the Alcazaba, dating from the 9th century, although its current approach dates back to the 12th century. The walled enclosure of the Alcazaba was declared a historical monument by the Spanish Government in 1931. Other attractions for visitors are the door of Palmas, of 16th century, the Plaza Alta, medieval arcaded enclosure, the oldest bridge of the city “Puente de Palma” and the royal Santa Ana Royal Monastery.


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